According to a latest study, there are two dietary options for cardiac health and weight-loss: vegetarianism and a Mediterranean diet. Researchers from Italy recruited 100 overweight and obese adults without diabetes with an average age of 50. Half of the test subjects were on meat-free, low-calorie diets (eggs and milk allowed), while the other half were on the Mediterranean diet (vegetable-based with some fish, chicken and low quantity of red meat). After the study was completed, both groups decreased their body weight by an average of 4 pounds; the vegetarian group had reduced LDL-C more than the Mediterranean group, but the triglyceride level in the Mediterranean group was lower. The study did not conclude that such diet could improve health, but suggested that it could be helpful to maintain a healthy heart. A long term study is required to assess the feasibility of dieters to remain committed to the dietary plans. People are advised to assess the risks and benefits before committing to a vegetarian diet.